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Publications

Filtering by Category: Childhood health

Child Health in the Sundarbans: How Far Do Mutually Reinforcing Shocks Act As Contextual Determinants?

Future Health Systems

Childhood chronic under-nutrition and common childhood illness are highly prevalent in the delta region of the Sundarbans of West Bengal, India. The present work tested the hypothesis—frequent climatic shock is likely to predispose chronic and transient health shocks through behavioural responses of households in the presence of inaccessibility, inadequacy and acceptability barriers which act in the economy as long wave shocks. The work is based on a household and facility survey; primary data was collected in 19 blocks of the Sundarbans. The results highlight that transient climatic shock make child health worse through the pathway of chronic poverty, low resilience, physical and social barriers to health-seeking as well as ineffective service delivery systems. Further in-depth research is required to understand multiple vulnerabilities, related to coping of households and ways to improve the service delivery mechanism to have healthy children in the Sundarbans in the near future.
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WP16 - Child health in the Sundarbans: How far mutually reinforcing shocks act as contextual determinants?

Future Health Systems

Childhood chronic undernutrition and common childhood illness is highly prevalent in the Sundarbans delta region of West Bengal, India. The present work tested the hypothesis- frequent climatic shock is likely to predispose chronic and transient health shocks through behavioural responses of households in the presence of inaccessibility, inadequacy and acceptability barriers which act in the economy as long wave shocks.
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WP13 - Engaging the private sector in maternal and neonatal health in low and middle income countries

Future Health Systems

We reviewed existing literature on private sector initiatives that have shown effectiveness in improving maternal and neonatal health. The private sector constitutes a significant proportion of delivery services for women in developing countries and it also plays a key role in family planning, abortion, nutrition, and antenatal care. We primarily address maternal health outcomes and include interventions that improve neonatal health outcomes where they are included in the study design or interventional strategy alongside maternal outcomes. We do not review evidence that addresses neonatal outcomes alone, as this would go beyond the scope of this paper.
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Infant and under-five mortality in Afghanistan: current estimates and limitations

Future Health Systems

The objective of this article is to examine historical estimates of infant and under-five mortality in Afghanistan, provide estimates for rural areas from current population-based data, and discuss the methodological challenges that undermine data quality and hinder retrospective estimations of mortality.
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Nutritional status of children in India: household socio-economic condition as the contextual determinant

Future Health Systems

The present paper is an attempt to measure the extent of socio-economic inequality in chronic childhood malnutrition across major states of India and to realize the role of household socio-economic status (SES) as the contextual determinant of nutritional status of children.
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Trends in the quality of health care for children aged less than 5 years in Afghanistan, 2004–2006

Future Health Systems

To study trends in the quality of the health care provided to children aged less than 5 years in Afghanistan between 2004 and 2006. In particular, to determine the effect on such quality of a basic package of health services (BPHS), including Integrated Management of Childhood Illness (IMCI), introduced in 2003.
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Achieving child survival goals: potential contribution of community health workers

Future Health Systems

There is renewed interest in the potential contribution of community health workers to child survival. Community health workers can undertake various tasks, including case management of childhood illnesses (eg, pneumonia, malaria, and neonatal sepsis) and delivery of preventive interventions such as immunisation, promotion of healthy behaviour, and mobilisation of communities.
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